PROSTATE HEALTH – A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING ON
The Prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis ,infront of the rectum .The urethra runs through the centre of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis letting urine flow out of the body.
The prostate gland is the size of a walnut and weighs about 20grams. Its job is to make the seminal fluid which is stored in the seminal vesicle. During sexual intercourse, seminal fluid comes down the urethra and mixes with the sperms produced in the testicles to form the semen. So semen technically is not sperm. It is sperm + seminal fluid. The seminal fluid lubricates the sperm.
Prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm.
During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra, and its expelled with sperm as semen.
When we consider the conditions that can affect the prostate, we look at it from three major facets which are:
Prostatitis- Inflammation of the prostate caused by infection.
Enlarge prostate- BPH(benign prostatic hypertrophy)
Prostate cancer this is the 9th most common cancer in the world.
If your prostate becomes swollen, tender, and inflamed, you have a condition called “prostatitis.” This isn’t cancer, and it’s different from having an “enlarged prostate.” There are four types of prostatitis. Each has its own set of symptoms and causes. These include:Acute bacterial prostatitis. Your urinary tract is made up of your kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that pass between them. If bacteria from here finds its way into your prostate, you can get an infection.
This type of prostatitis comes on quickly. You might suddenly have:
• High fever
• Muscle aches
• Joint pain
• Pain around the base of your penis or behind your scrotum
• Lower back pain
• Feeling like you need to have a bowel movement
• Trouble peeing
• Weak urine stream
Chronic bacterial prostatitis. This is more common in older men. It’s a milder bacterial infection that can linger for several months. Some men get it after they’ve had a urinary tract infection (UTI) or acute bacterial prostatitis.
The symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis often come and go. This makes them easy to miss. With this condition, you might sometimes have:
• An urgent need to pee, often in the middle of the night
• Painful urination
• Pain after you ejaculate (release semen at orgasm)
• Lower back pain
• Rectum pain
• A “heavy” feeling behind your scrotum
• Blood in your semen
• A UTI
• Urinary blockage (no urine comes out)
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). This is the most common type of prostatitis. It shares many of the same signs as bacterial prostatitis. The difference is that when tests are run, no bacteria are present with this type.
• Doctors aren’t sure what causes CP/CPPS. Triggers include stress, nearby nerve damage, and physical injury. Chemicals in your urine or a UTI you had in the past may play a role. CP/CPPS has also been linked to immune disorders like chronic fatigue syndrome and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS
The main sign of CP/CPPS is pain that lasts more than 3 months in at least one of these body parts:
• Penis (often at the tip)
• Between your scrotum and rectum
• Lower abdomen
• Lower back
You may also have pain when you pee or ejaculate. You might not be able to hold your urine, or you may have to pee more than 8 times a day. A weak urine stream is another common symptom of CP/CPPS.
Asymptomatic prostatitis. Men who have this type of prostatitis have an inflamed prostate but no symptoms. You may only learn you have it if your doctor does a blood test that checks your prostate health. Asymptomatic prostatitis doesn’t need any treatment, but it can lead to infertility.
Prostatitis Risk Factors
You’re more likely to have problems with your prostate if:
• You’re between the ages of 36 and 50
• You’ve had a UTI
• You’ve had a groin injury
• You use a urinary catheter
• You’ve had a prostate biopsy
• You have HIV/AIDS
• You’ve had prostatitis before
Before we go on, I want you all to realize we have just looked at one negative condition that can affect the Prostate. Let us now look at another, which is CANCER.
Experts say that prostate cancer starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells - Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN).
Doctors say that nearly 50% of all 50-year-old men have PIN. The cells are still in place - they do not seem to have moved elsewhere.
Classification of prostate cancer
It is important to know the stage of the cancer, or how far it has spread. Knowing the cancer stage helps the doctor define prognosis - it also helps when selecting which therapies to use. The most common system today for determining this is the TNM (Tumor/Nodes/Metastases). This involves defining the size of the tumor, how many lymph nodes are involved, and whether there are any other metastases.
When defining with the TNM system, it is crucial to distinguish between cancers that are still restricted just to the prostate, and those that have spread elsewhere. Clinical T1 and T2 cancers are found only in the prostate, and nowhere else, while T3 and T4 have spread outside the prostate.
There are many ways to find out whether the cancer has spread. Computer tomography will check for spread inside the pelvis, bone scans will decide whether the cancer has spread to the bones, and endorectal coil magnetic resonance imaging will evaluate the prostatic capsule and the seminal vesicles.
Now, its time to look at the one we all know so well, the enlargement
Enlarge prostate- BPH (benign prostatic hypertrophy)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland . The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. As the prostate gets bigger, it may squeeze or partly block the urethra. This often causes problems with urinating.
BPH occurs in almost all men as they age. BPH is not cancer. An enlarged prostate can be a nuisance. But it is usually not a serious problem. About half of all men older than 75 have some symptoms.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also known as benign prostatic hypertrophy.
What causes BPH?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is probably a normal part of the aging process in men, caused by changes in hormone balance and in cell growth. Lower Abdominal pain
o difficulty starting urination
o a frequent need to urinate
o difficulty fully emptying the bladder
o blood in the urine and even semen
o weaken in the flow of urine causes stopping and starting of urine.
o Poor sexual ability
All the above symptoms are common with most prostate conditions Digital rectal examination(DRE)- a doctor insert finger into the rectum and feels the prostate.
Prostate specific antigen(PSA)-the prostate makes a protein called PSA which can be measured by a blood test, cancer or enlarge prostate can make it high.
Prostate ultrasound(transrectal ultrasound)- inserting the probe into the rectum
Prostate biopsy- by inserting a needle prostate to take a tissue out, to check for cancer.
MRI(magnetic resonance imaging)
Our concern is to look at how these conditions can be taken care of naturally, especially with the use of supplements vitamins and herbal products The following are the minerals and vitamins for preventing and taking care of prostate cancer.
2. PUMPKIN SEEDS: The seeds are rich in zinc, selenium and other minerals that have been shown to reduce prostate cancer risk.
3. SELENIUM: Selenium helps in preventing prostate cancer in men. Studies have been able to show that selenium can help slow, and even reverse, the progression of cancer - including prostate cancer - in people who already have the disease
5. ZINC: Numerous studies have now confirmed that zinc will not only prevent prostate cancers from occurring, it will actually destroy prostate cancer cells. This is thought to occur because of zinc’s powerful anti-inflammatory effect.
6. VITAMIN D: Vitamin D is one of the most remarkable natural cures for prostate cancer yet discovered. It not only prevents but helps in curing prostate cancer
7. GREEN TEA: Green tea contains an active ingredient called polyphenols, which stop the growth and multiplication of cancerous cells and also have the potential to kill the existing cancer cells.
8. GINGER: When consumed on a regular basis, ginger, a powerful herb with roots that possess certain antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, inhibits the proliferation of cancerous cells.
9. TURMERIC: Scientists have discovered that turmeric a popular spice with a bitter, peppery taste, which is produced by grinding the roots of a perennial plant that bears the same name, may be effective in treating prostate cancer, according to Prostate.net.
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